The keyboard that we use today with the alphabets starting from Q, W, E, R, T, Y in the first row was invented by American Christopher Latham Sholes. The Pennsylvania-born is credited as the “The Father of the typewriter” for the same.
Before this invention, many other typewriters with different keyboard patterns were in use but this was obviously the most successful of those since it’s the one that’s used by the majority around the globe.
The main reason behind the success of this keyboard is how it rearrange the letters to help typewrite easier. The positioning of letters enabled quicker input by placing the commonly occurring adjacent letters in a way that the keys won’t jam.
The first movable typewriter patented in the United States of America in 1868 originally had letters arranged in alphabetical order “ABC” that caused the keys to jam when neighboring letters were operated quickly. Both the first and existing model was invented by Sholes in association with fellow printer Samuel W. Soule and Carlos S. Glidden.
With help from Amos Densmore, he studied the letter-pair frequency that paved way for the better one. The invention was funded by James Densmore.